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Từnguyên HánNôm
(haylà TiếngNôm có gốcHán)
(The Etymology of Nôm of Chinese Origin)

漢喃同源辭

Biênsoạn: dchph


Từngữ dướiđây trong kho từvựng HánNôm trên Han-Viet.com đãđược đưavào google.com.

TừnguyênNhững từ, chữ, hoặc âmtiết dướiđây cóthể do từ nầy tạothành.
(1) ngự, (2) vua, (3) ngữ, (4) nhạ, (5) hờ, (6) ngăn, (7) gặp, (8) giữ, (9) ngừa 御 yù (ngự) [ Vh @ QT 御 yù, yà, yǔ, yú (ngự, ngữ, nhạ)< MC ŋɨə < OC *ŋraks | Pt 牛據 | Shuowen: 使馬也。从彳从卸。馭,古文御从又从馬。牛據切〖注〗徐鍇曰:“卸,解車馬也。或彳或卸皆御者之職。” | Kangxi: 〔古文〕𢓷𢕜 【唐韻】【集韻】【類篇】牛據切【韻會】【正韻】魚據切,𠀤音禦。【說文】使馬也。又【正韻】統也。【賈誼·過秦論】振長策而御宇內。 又【韻會】凡天子所止曰御。前曰御前,書曰御書,服曰御服,皆取統御四海之內。 又【類篇】偶舉切,馭上聲。止也。【左傳·襄四年】季孫不御。【註】御,止也。 | Starostin : Also read *ŋra:ks, MC ŋa., Mand. yà 'to meet, welcome; provide against' (this reading makes probable the reconstruction of *-r- in *ŋrak-s > MC ŋo, MC ŋo\). Schussler reconstructs both words with a final glottal stop (*-ʔh) - obviously as a result of relating them to 禦 *ŋ(hr)aʔ (q.v.). The rhymes, however, allow only to reconstruct *-s or *-ks; in the latter case both words could be related to 逆 *ŋrak 'go against; meet' (q.v.), and we could reconstruct the earliest OC forms as *ŋrak-s and *ŋra:k-s respectively. The root belongs to a very rich 'word family', which includes forms with different affixes: suffixed *-k or *-ŋ (sometimes with a further suffixed *-s) or prefixed *r- (frequently turning into an infix). Cf. 迓 *ŋra:k-s 'to meet, receive', 逆 *ŋrak 'go to meet, oppose', 迎 *ŋraŋ 'to meet', 晤 *ŋa:k-s 'to meet', 悟 *ŋa:k-s 'to oppose', 迕 *ŋa:k-s 'to go against', 禦 *ŋ(r)a? 'to withstand, hinder'. || td. 御用 yùyòng (vuadùng), 御駕親征 yùjiàqīnzhēng (ngựgiáthânchinh), 御苑 yùyuàn (vườnvua) ] ~ 禦 yù (ngự) hờ , withstand, hinder, defend, drive, rule, administer, direct, manage, serve, to present, welcome, imperial, court, court's woman, Also:, chariot, meet, defense, provide against, keep out, resist, family surname of Chinese origin,   {ID4287  -   5/15/2018 7:12:56 PM}


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