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Từnguyên HánNôm
(haylà TiếngNôm có gốcHán)
(The Etymology of Nôm of Chinese Origin)

漢喃同源辭

Biênsoạn: dchph


Từngữ dướiđây trong kho từvựng HánNôm trên Han-Viet.com đãđược đưavào google.com.

TừnguyênNhững từ, chữ, hoặc âmtiết dướiđây cóthể do từ nầy tạothành.
(1) duy, (2) bui, (3) là, (4) vì, (5) nghĩ, (6) giữ 維 wéi (duy) [ Vh @ QT 維 (惟, 唯) wéi < MC jwi < OC *wij | *OC 維 唯 脂 惟 ɢʷi | Pt 以追 | PNH: QĐ wai4, Hẹ wi2, wui2 | Shuowen: 《糸部》維:車蓋維也。从糸隹聲。 | Kangxi: 《康熙字典·糸部·八》維:《廣韻》以追切《集韻》《韻會》夷隹切,𠀤音惟。《說文》車蓋維也。又《博雅》係也。《詩·小雅》縶之維之。《傳》維,繫也。《公羊傳·昭二十四年》且夫牛馬維婁。《註》繫馬曰維,繫牛曰婁。又《詩·小雅》四方是維。《周禮·夏官·大司馬》以維邦國。《註》維,猶連結也。又《儀禮·太射禮》中離維綱。《註》侯有上下綱,其邪制射舌之角爲維。又《爾雅·釋天》太歲在巳曰屠維。又《前漢·賈誼傳》是猶度江河亡維楫。《註》維,所以繫船。又《管子·牧民篇》國有四維,一曰禮,二曰義,三曰廉,四曰恥。又《淮南子·天文訓》帝張四維,運之以斗。又《楚辭·天問》幹維焉繫。《註》維,綱也。又《爾雅·釋詁》伊維侯也。《註》發語辭。《韻會》案六經惟維唯三字皆通作語辭,又訓獨,尚書助辭皆用惟字,詩助辭多用維字,左傳助辭用唯字,論語助辭用惟字。新安朱氏曰:惟从心,思也。維糸,繫也。唯从口,專辭也,應辭也。然皆語辭,古書皆通用之。又地名。《史記·管晏列傳》晏平仲嬰者,萊之夷維人也。《註》應劭曰:故萊夷維邑。又姓。《姓氏急就篇》漢維汜,妖巫,卷縣人。又於恭切,音雍。《周禮·夏官·職方氏》其浸盧維。《釋文》盧音雷。維,於恭反。| Guangyun: 維 惟 以追 以 脂A合 脂A 平聲 三等 合口 脂A 止 上平六脂 jwi jiuɪ jʷi jwi wei2 jyi jvi 豈也隅也持也繫也說文曰車蓋維也 || ZYYY: 維 微 微 齊微合 齊微 陽平 合口呼 ʋui || Ghichú: 'bui' là một từcổ trong tiếngViệt, cónghĩalà 'duynhất'. Khôngkhókhăngì để ta nhậnra mối quanhệ giữa hai âmđầu 'w-' và 'b-'. Trong tiếng Hẹ còncó âm 'wui2', âmcổ Trungnguyên /ʋui/ || Starostin: impersonal equational copula: to be, it is. Schüssler reconstructs the word with *l- (*ljuǝj), but it very clearly rhymes in *-ij in OC and thus must have possessed a labial initial. For initial *w- (not *wh-) cf. Xiamen i2, Chaozhou zui2, Fuzhou mi2 (the last two forms reflect a secondary Min nasalisation). The word is alternatively written in Early Zhou as ** or 惟. The original meaning and reading of the character is *wij 'to bind, tie' attested in Early Zhou (Shuowen glosses it as 'cover of a carriage' - perhaps as 'smth. tied'?). The etymology of the copula is not quite clear: perhaps one should relate it to 為 *waj 'to do, make' q.v. (with *-aj / *-ij as old vowel alternation?). | td. 思維 sīwéi (suynghĩ), 維持 wéichí (giữgìn) ] , hold together, preserve, maintain, safeguard, dimension, think, Also:, only, solely, purely, (impersonal equational copula) to be, it is, (short form for) Uighur 維吾爾   {ID453072350  -   2/11/2018 2:37:36 PM}


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