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Từnguyên HánNôm
(haylà TiếngNôm có gốcHán)
(The Etymology of Nôm of Chinese Origin)


Biênsoạn: dchph

Từngữ dướiđây trong kho từvựng HánNôm trên đãđược đưavào

TừnguyênNhững từ, chữ, hoặc âmtiết dướiđây cóthể do từ nầy tạothành.
(1) chó, (2) cầy 狗 gǒu (cẩu) [ Vh @ QT 狗 gǒu < MC kjəw < OC *ko:ʔ | cđ MC: 流開一上厚見 | Shuowen: 孔子曰:“狗,叩也。叩气吠以守。” 狗, 犬也。大者為犬, 小者為狗。从犬句聲。古厚切 | Việtcổ: kro, Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *cɔ ̃ *cǝ[ʔ]ɔ, Thai: ʔcɔ:.A year of dog, Proto-Katuic: *cɔ, Proto-Bahnaric: *cɔ, Khmer: OK co < Viet., | Ghichú: 犬 quán (khuyển) cóthể là từđồngnguyên : % 犬 quán (khuyển) < MC khwijen < OC *khwyi:nʔ, ¶ q- ~ ch- ||

##**‘dog’ :

The Shuo-wen says 南越名犬#### “Nan-yüeh calls ‘dog’ *nôg **g.” This explanation occurs under the entry for ##,which implies that the meaning “dog” is attached to this character. The first character of the compound probably represents a pre-syllable of some kind. Tuan Yü-ts’ai mentioned in his Commentary to the Shuo-wen that this word was still used in Kiangsu and Chekiang, but did not give any further detail.

Karlgren gives **gas the OC value for ## (GSR 109 7h). At the time of the Shuo-wen (121 A.D.), -g had probably already disappeared; in Eastern Han poetry, MC open syllables (OC –b, -d, -g) seldom rhyme with stopped syllables (OC –p, -t, -k); in old Chinese loan words in Tai (specifically, the names for twelve earth’s branches 地支 ti-chih), probably reflecting Han dynasty pronunciation, Proto-Tai –t corresponds to OC –d, but no trace can be found for –g. The proper value for our purpose is therefore **ô.

This is the AA word for “dog,” as the following list shows: “dog”: VN chó; Palaung shɔ:; Khum, Wa soʔ, Riang s’oʔ; Kat, Suk, Aak, Niahon, Lave có; Boloben, Sedang có; Curu, Crau ʃŏ; Huei, Sue, Hin, Cor sor; Sakai cho; Semang cû, co; Kharia sɔ’lɔʔ, ; Ju solok; Gutob, Pareng, Remo guso; Khasi ksew; Mon klüw; Old Mon clüw; Khmer chkɛ.

The forms after VN represent almost all the major groups spoken in the Indo-China and Malay Peninsulas, as well as the Palaung-Wa, Khmer, and Mal groups. The proto-form for these languages appears to be soʔ or coʔ, preceded perhaps by k-(cf. Khasi, Gutob, etc.). On the basis of Mon, Haudricourt suggested that VN ch-< kl-.** But there is another possibility, namely, VN ch- < kc-; “to die” * kcət, VN ch*t, Kuy kacet, Kaseng sit. And even if VN ch- did come from kl-, this change mŏust have occurred quite early, since in all the AA languages except Mon, the initial is either a sibilant fricative or affricate.

'Nan-yeh' refers to North Vietnam and parts of Kwangtung and Kwangsi. With this piece of evidence, we know that the language spoken there in the second century A.D. was AA. This is also the earliest record of the language of Vietnam.

Source : ] , dog, pup, puppy, canine, Also:, Canida, Canis familiaris, a bad person, evildoer,   {ID8345  -   5/29/2018 3:49:01 AM}

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