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Từnguyên HánNôm
(haylà TiếngNôm có gốcHán)
(The Etymology of Nôm of Chinese Origin)


Biênsoạn: dchph

Từngữ dướiđây trong kho từvựng HánNôm trên đãđược đưavào

TừnguyênNhững từ, chữ, hoặc âmtiết dướiđây cóthể do từ nầy tạothành.
(1) cô, (2) o 姑 gū (cô) [ Vh @ QT 姑 gū ~ QT 姑姑 gūgū ~ QT 姑媽 gūmā | QT 姑 gū < MC ko < OC *ka: | *OC 姑 古 魚 孤 kaː | PNH: QĐ gu1, Hẹ gu1 | Tang reconstruction: go | Shuowen: 《女部》姑:夫母也。从女古聲。| Kangxi: 姑 孤 古胡 見 模 模 平聲 一等 開口 模 遇 上平十一模 kuo ku ko ko kuo kuo kɔ gu1 ko ku 舅姑又父之姊妹也 || ZYYY: 姑 孤 見 魚模合 魚模 陰平 合口呼 ku || Môngcổ âmvận: gu ku 平聲 || Starostin: father's sister, aunt, mother-in-law. The original meaning is present already in early inscriptions (see Schuessler 203); in the classics, however, the character is used only as a loan for a homonymous *ka: 'for a time, meanwhile'. The OC *ka: 'father's sister' seems to have no connections in Sino-Tibetan languages. It resembles the Altaic kinship term *akˀa, but the resemblance may be purely coincidental ('children's word'). The etymology of *ka: 'meanwhile, for a time' is also not quite clear. The closest existing parallel is Tib. a~ga 'some, something, somebody', used also in the meaning 'sometimes' (but considered in this meaning to be a contraction of lan-a~ga). It seems probable that both the Chinese and the Tibetan words are derived from the common ST demonstrative stem *ka> (see under 其), but the details are yet to be found out. ] **** , paternal aunt, father's sister, auntie, Also:, husband's mother, mother-in-law, nun, maiden, for the time being, tentatively, appease, take in, suck, (Viet.), schoolmistress, school-mistress, (address to a), young lady, miss,   {ID9259  -   7/12/2018 4:32:12 AM}

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